Data of Louisiana's offender population shows that offenders are most at risk of returning to prison within the first two years of release, often because they lack programs and services to achieve stability in their communities.  Sometimes, they fall back into old patterns and associations.  As a result, the Department has established alternatives to incarceration.  P&P Officers refer probationers and parolees to a variety of programs in the community designed to address the issues they commonly face, including substance abuse treatment, mental health treatment, sex offender treatment, anger management, job training/skills programs and driving schools.

In 2014-15, the Division of Probation and Parole opened five Day Reporting Centers (DRC) in addition to the three that already existed.  There are now DRC's in the following locations: Monroe, Lake Charles, Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Covington, Lafayette, New Orleans, and Shreveport.  DRC's serve the local area offenders, providing life skills, job training and various treatment.

To further reduce costs while continuing to provide safety for the community, certain probation and parole non-violent, non-sex offenders that commit technical violations of supervision (i.e. they are not arrested for a new felony) are referred to the Don Francois Alternative Center.  This 90-day program addresses the rehabilitation needs of the offender, including but not limited to, substance abuse treatment and anger management programs.  Offenders are returned to supervision upon completion of the program.

To address long-term, significant substance abuse issues, probationers and parolees can be referred to the Steve Hoyle Rehabilitation Program, which provides a therapeutic community approach to house, treat, education and support individuals.  The Louisiana Transition Center (local level facility in Madison Parish that accommodates DOC female offenders) for Women and the Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women (state facility) offer short-term substance abuse treatment and reentry programs for females on probation/parole supervision.